calculate import duty ireland

How To Calculate Import Duty In Ireland? A Detail Guide

Importing goods into any country is always associated with massive taxation and duties. Whether you are a businessman or a person who wants to import a new product for personal use, there are some intricacies that you should go through before importing an item. It is better to understand the situation thoroughly, as it can help you to avoid unnecessary hardships or losses.

Likewise, importing items and products, including your business products or your dream car, to Ireland also comes with many complexities. Ireland also has many taxation policies that you need to be aware of. These policies differ, considering whether you are importing from the EU or outside the EU. If you are willing to calculate import duty in Ireland or understand the basics of taxation policies in Ireland, this article is the perfect place to begin your journey.

How To Calculate Import Duty In Ireland?

Following is the formula to calculate import duty in Ireland

Import Duty = Customs Value x Duty Rate

Here's a step-by-step guide on how to calculate import duty in Ireland:

  • Determine the Harmonized System (HS) Code:

    Every product has its own harmonized system code, a list of numbers used to classify a product and check what tariff and rules apply. The list of numbers or codes are maintained and developed by the World Customs Organization (WCO). This system brings all the countries on the same page when classifying all products.

  • Determine the Origin of the Goods:

    This will affect import duty rate. Goods having lower or no import duties when importing from within the EU as compared to goods that are imported from EU countries.

  • Calculate the Customs Value:

    The customs value includes the cost of goods, shipping, insurance and any other charges. To determine the accurate customs value, make sure you’ve all the necessary invoices and documentation.

  • Choose the Appropriate Duty Rate:

    In order to find applicable duty rate for your specific harmonized code, consult the TARIC database or take advice from Irish customs. Depending on the type of goods, the duty rates may vary.

  • Calculate the Import Duty:

    To calculate the import duty, multiply the customs value by the duty rate. For example, if the customs value is €12,000 and the duty rate is 5%, the import duty would be €600 i.e. (€10,000 * 0.05).

  • Consider Additional Charges:

    In addition to import duties, you may be subject to other charges such as Value Added Tax (VAT) and excise duties if applicable. VAT is generally assessed on the customs value plus any import duties and other charges. The standard vat rate in Ireland is 23% for most goods.


You’re importing electronic gadgets shipment from a non-EU country into Ireland. The customs value of the goods is €10,000, and import duty rate for electronic gadgets is 5%.

Steps to Calculate Import Duty:

  • Determine the HS Code:

    Identify the correct Harmonized System (HS) code for electronic gadgets. Let's assume the HS code for your products is 8723.40.40.

  • Check the Duty Rate:

    Look for duty rate against product HS code in the TARIC database or consult with customs authorities to give the correct duty rate. For this example the duty rate for electronic gadgets is 5%.

  • Calculate the Import Duty:

    Import Duty = Customs Value x Duty Rate
    Import Duty = €12,000 x 0.05 (5%)
    Import Duty = €600

  • Consider Additional Charges (VAT):

    In addition to import duty, you may be subject to Value Added Tax (VAT). The standard VAT rate in Ireland is 23%. To calculate vat in Ireland, use our Ireland VAT Calculator todo vat calculation fast and get more accurate result. Now, calculate VAT as follows:

    VAT = (Customs Value + Import Duty) x VAT Rate
    VAT = (€12,000 + €600) x 0.23 (23%)
    VAT = €2,898

  • Total Import Costs:

    Calculate the total import costs, including import duty and VAT:

    Total Import Costs = Import Duty + VAT
    Total Import Costs = €600 + €2,898
    Total Import Costs = €3,498

So, in this example, the import duty for your electronic gadgets is €600, and the VAT is €2,898, and total import costs of €3,498.

customs charges ireland

Learning About How To Calculate Tax In Ireland

To calculate import duty in Ireland, you must consider several factors. These include your income and any other type of taxes you are liable for. Here is a brief overview of the taxation criteria.

Income tax

The Income tax is the most common form of taxation in Ireland, calculated based on your total income, which includes your salary, wages, rental income, and any other source of income. The standard tax rate band applied to the first part of your income is about 20 percent. The remainder is taxed at 40 percent.

Universal Social Charge (USC)

The USC is a form of taxation applied to imported products in Ireland. Although it differs from income tax, it is still based on your income level. Currently, a rate of 0.5 percent is applied up to an annual earning of €12,012. This can be checked from the Irish Citizen Information Portal, as it might vary occasionally.

Pay Related Social Insurance (PRSI)

PSRI is a social insurance contribution also deducted from your income. It solely depends upon your income and employment status.

Other Taxes And Levies

While in Ireland, there are even more taxes you have to consider, like excise duties on drugs, motor tax on vehicles, VAT, and Capital Gains Tax(CGT).

How to Avoid Import Tax From USA to Ireland

Importing more oversized items to Ireland without taxes is not possible. You can avoid import duty in Ireland, but it may lead to unwanted circumstances. You might be forced to pay severe penalties. But a correct and detailed understanding of the system might help you minimize the tax amount by a great deal:

  • You can save a lot by utilizing exemptions and allowances to their fullest. For example, Goods valued at €22 or less were exempt from VAT and other customs duties till the 1st of July 2021, but now all goods arriving in Ireland from outside EU countries are subjected to VAT.
  • Personal travelers have tax exemption on legal products they bring to Ireland for personal use. You can check their website for a better understanding: Customs regulations for travelers to Ireland (citizens information)
  • Check if your importing goods are eligible for free trade agreements between the USA, Ireland, or the European Union (EU). Some goods may have reduced or zero-duty rates under these agreements.
  • Depending upon the shipping method and the value of your goods, customs duty might vary, so it is advised to conduct a proper analysis to benefit from the courier service.
  • You can visit the Irish Citizen Information Portal or consult a tax professional for better advice depending on the size of your business or whether you want to import something for personal use.

Understanding The Charges And Customs Duty In Ireland

Customs duties are taxes levied by the government on imported goods. They are designed to control the flow of goods into the country and generate revenue for the government to be utilized in its development. Custom duty is a variable amount depending on the item's type. The rates may vary and can be checked in the TARIC, the integrated Tariff of the European Union database.

Standard Rates

A standard rate of 2.5 percent is subjected to non-commercial goods valued at €700 or less. This doesn't apply to commercial goods, alcohol, or tobacco products.

Other customs duties like excise duty and Anti-dumping duty (supposed to counteract the sale of imported goods at prices substantially lower than their home market, which can cause serious harm to domestic industries) are worth mentioning.

What Are Customs Charges In Ireland?

Customs charges are the additional fees associated with the Customs Clearance process. These include

VAT (Value Added Tax)

Like In other EU countries, Ireland also has VAT policies. VAT is applied to the total cost of goods, including the customs value, any duty, and shipping costs.

Customs Clearance Fees

Agents and custom brokers may charge fees for processing your shipment through customs.

Additional Costs

You will likely be charged additional fees like storage, inspection, and administrative expenses.

Also Read, Reverse Charge VAT: How it Works and What is the Process?

Factors Affecting Customs Duties and Charges

Several factors may influence the amount of customs duties and charges and explain that how is customs duty calculated in Ireland:

The Value Of Goods

The declared value of the goods affects both customs duties and VAT. It is preferable to declare the correct values to avoid any unwanted situation while importing goods to Ireland. Taking illegal risks can lead to a significant loss.

The Classification Of Goods

The HS (Harmonized System) code assigned to your goods determines the duty rate.

Country of Origin

Different trade agreements and preferences can impact duty rates. We advise you to review all the details before investing in anything. You can save a bunch by carefully noting down the policies or by looking for some loopholes that you can use.

Import Licenses

Some goods may require specific licenses. These licenses may have a significant impact on the cost of the products. So, it is better to understand these terms in depth.

Customs Procedures

Proper documentation and compliance can impact customs clearance times and related fees.

Strategies And Tips For Navigating Customs Duties and Charges

Navigating customs duties and charges in Ireland requires special attention. Following basic guidelines and seeking expert advice can ensure a smoother and more cost-effective import process. You can save a fortune by just spending some time knowing your stuff. To put it in simple terms: Think before you leap.

Know Your Goods

Accurate classification and evaluation of your goods can come in quite handy. It is advised to take it seriously as it is better to save you time and money before thinking about investment. You should carefully malaise and utilize the system to your advantage.

Explore Exemptions

Investigate any exemptions or reduced duty rates applicable to your imports. However, according to the latest updates, no item is levied from taxation, which would only sometimes be the case as policies are subject to change regularly.

Stay Informed

Keep up-to-date with changing customs regulations and rates. If you are using a source that is years old, it can result in a violation of the latest terms and services. So, keeping yourself updated with some reliable sources is a preferable option.

Consulting Custom Experts

If you are running a high-five business, we recommend you invest a little to hire an expert. This investment would prove beneficial in the long run. But thoroughly researching them is advisable if you want to import products for self-use.

Planning the imports

Timing and logistics can impact storage and clearance fees, which might save you a penny.

Estimating Vehicle Registration Tax (VRT) And Learning To Calculate Import Duty In Ireland

Calculating the import duty on a car in Ireland includes various factors like its value, emission level, and whether it meets specific criteria for tax relief. It may vary depending on whether it was imported from the EU or outside the EU.

Notably, starting from the 1st of January 2021, importing a vehicle from Britain is taken as importing it from a non-EU country. VRT can be calculated easily from various authentic websites. You can also estimate it yourself by following some easy steps:

  • Determining The Value Of The Car You Want To Import

    First, you are advised to check the cost or price of the desired vehicle. It includes its market value and additional costs like shipment and insurance.

  • Calculating the Emissions Level

    Emissions are essential in determining the VRT (Vehicle Registration Tax). Lower emissions typically result in lower VRT. The emission data can easily be checked in the car's specifications.

  • Looking For Tax Relief If Any

    Ireland offers tax relief for certain types of vehicles, such as electric or hybrid cars. Tax (VRT) reductions may apply for some vehicles and may not apply for others. If your car qualifies for any tax relief, it can significantly reduce the VRT you owe.

  • Use the VRT Calculator

    There are many reliable sources and authentic websites to calculate the applied VRT value. This is the car import duty calculator for Ireland.

  • Considering Other Costs

    Besides VRT, Value Added Tax (VAT) and customs charges may apply to the car import. So, it is better to see all the details, especially if you have a limited budget. For example, When we visit a restaurant, we ask whether the food price is inclusive of tax or exclusive. It greatly helps us manage our budget, which applies here as well.

  • Consulting Professionals Advisers

    For accurate and up-to-date information on car import duties, customs regulations, and any applicable exemptions or reliefs, it's advisable to consult with customs professionals or customs brokers who specialize in vehicle imports. They can explain the taxation policies in better words.

    Remember that car import duty calculations may be complex as the rates and regulations change daily. The prices and taxation policies differ from what you checked the previous month. We recommend keeping yourself updated with the latest information to avoid any inconvenience.

Also Read, What is the Flat Rate VAT Scheme in the UK and Ireland?

Customs And Excise In Ireland

Excise duties include the indirect taxes imposed on some goods to be imported. In Ireland, these duties significantly generate income for the government sector and development. Properly understanding is better for calculating the total taxation of your goods and products.

Final Verdict

To calculate import duty in Ireland, you must navigate a complex web of taxes and duties. This comprehensive guide briefly explains how Irish import taxes and duties are calculated. It explores strategies to minimize or avoid import taxes when importing from the USA, covers customs duty and associated charges, and provides valuable insights for cost-effective importation.

Understanding how to calculate import duty in Ireland is essential for businessmen and individuals. This guide also touches on excise duties and offers tips for efficient navigation of customs procedures, making it a valuable resource for anyone involved in international trade or importing.


What is the standard rate of customs duty in Ireland?

A standard rate of 2.5 percent applies to non-commercial products valued at €700 or less. This doesn't apply to commercial goods, alcohol, or tobacco products, as other and heavier taxes levy them. This can be used to calculate import duty in Ireland.

Am I required to pay import duty in Ireland on all the items shipped to Ireland?

Provided your goods have an intrinsic value of more than €150, you must pay Customs Duty. It applies to the whole consignment, not just to a single item.

Rían Doyle

I'm a VAT professional with years of experience helping businesses with compliance and reporting. My goal is to simplify VAT calculation and provide valuable insights through my engaging writing style and clear explanations of complex concepts.